yemen history timeline

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Yemen, one of the Arab world's poorest countries, ... it was the "best early birthday present" to receive the jab as the UK begins the biggest vaccination programme in NHS history. A Timeline of Yemeni History Yemen is an ancient country that empires throughout history, including the Romans, Byzantines, Ottomans, and British have attempted to dominate for its strategic position as the naval gateway to the trading networks of the Indian Ocean. At this time Himyar included all the Arabian Peninsula (via. Yemen has played a small by significant role in world history. History of Yemen . This is a timeline of Yemeni history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Yemen and its predecessor states. Having fled the court of the Crown Prince in Ta'izz, The United States recognizes the Kingdom of Yemen by letter from President, Yahya assassinated. North Yemen Timeline The Kingdom of Yemen was never a British protectorate - it was nominally part of the Ottoman empire until 1918 and was independent thereafter. For a list of the parties represented, and their allocation of delegtes, Front for the Liberation of Occupied South Yemen, "Peace Parley in Arabia; Terms Submitted to Yemen at Taif, London Legation Says", "A Guide to the United States' History of Recognition, Diplomatic, and Consular Relations, by Country, Since 1776: Yemen", "Egypt Concludes Pace with Yemen and Saudi Arabia", "Nasser Is Pressing His Attack on Saud; Yemen Joins Union", "The Road to Good Intentions: British Nation-building in Aden", "Massacre with Tea: Southern Yemen at War", "Local Conflict, Global Spin: An Uprising in the Yemeni Highlands", "Yemen's Forever War: The Houthi Rebellion", "U.S. Aids Yemeni Raids on Al Qaeda, Officials Say", "Yemeni President Wounded in Palace Attack", "Yemen's Saleh signs deal to give up power", "Dictator Pledges to Step Down, but Yemen's Crisis Is Not Over", "Yemen Gets New Leader as Struggle Ends Calmly", "Yemen National Dialogue Conference participants", "Yemen national dialogue conference begins", "Houthi rebels consolidate control of Yemen capital", "Al Qaeda claims responsibility for Sanaa suicide bombings", "Yemen's President, Cabinet Resign Amid Political Chaos", "Yemen's Houthis form own government in Sanaa", "Saudi Arabia launches air strikes in Yemen", Social History of Yemen. As a result, 800,000 Yemeni workers are expelled from Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. Moscow: URSS, 2006. (ed. Saba reaches its height of power and extends its hegemony across the Red sea establishing the, Qahtani tribes attack the Persians out of. Twelve days of street fighting in Aden followed until the hard-line Marxists gained control and President Hassani was driven into exile. 1918 - Ottoman Empire dissolves, North Yemen gains independence and is ruled by Imam Yahya. 2009 August - The Yemeni army launches a fresh offensive against Houthi rebels in the northern Saada province. Yemeni Christians submit to Muhammad, who permits them to continue practicing their religion. Let's retrace on an animated map a summary of the history of Yemen and the various conflicts that have ravaged the country since its unification in 1990. Many sought to control this rich land over the years. 2015 February - Houthis appoint presidential council to replace President Hadi, who flees to his southern stronghold of Aden. 3000 years of art and civilisation in Arabia Felix., Innsbruck / Frankfurt am Main / Amsterdam [1988]. Imam Ahmad, gravely ill, departs for Italy for treatment. Ma'een declines gradually mainly due to the Roman control of the new sea trade routes. 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Saudi Arabian television reported that the UAE, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Jordan, Morocco and Sudan were sending aircraft, and Egypt, Jordan, Sudan and Pakistan were willing to send ground troops. 2005 March-April - More than 200 people are killed in a resurgence of fighting between government forces and supporters of the slain rebel cleric Hussein al-Houthi. A unity government including prime minister from opposition formed. After the revolution of 1962, Yemen’s economy opened up, with few restrictions.In the 1970s and 1980s, every family had at least one male relative working in Saudi Arabia, who sent home large sums of money. Since its recent ability to be exported, it has become incredibly sought after … The history, culture, economy, and population of Yemen have all been influenced by the country’s strategic location at the southern entrance of the Red Sea—a crossroads of both ancient and modern trade and communications routes. Zaidis lost major ports to other tribes; widespread food shortages; rivalry for the imamate; with Qāsimī rule collapsing, Turkish incursions into the highlands meet with support. .css-8h1dth-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-8h1dth-Link:hover,.css-8h1dth-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. Timeline: History of separatism in southern Yemen. kingdoms. Himyar annexes the Sabean state of Marib. The famous Boston tea party – also part of the coffee history timeline – a rebellion by Americans against the new increased tea taxes put by the British. Yemen has been embroiled in conflict for almost a century, with divisions between the country's north and south stemming as far back as 1918. Tens of thousands of people are displaced by the fighting. Seventeen US personnel killed. 1986 - Thousands die in power struggle in south, which effectively drives the first generation of leaders from office. 1967 british port open When British opened a port in Aden. Sumhu`alay Yanuf and his son Yatha`amar Bayyin complete building the Marib Dam. 1967 - Britain withdraws from the south after years of a pro-independence insurgency, and its former territories unite as the People's Republic of Yemen. and Sabaean (750–115 B.C.) A Timeline of the Yemen Crisis, from the 1990s to the Present December 07, 2017. The Aksumites lose all their territories in South Arabia except for, Himyar annexes Hadhramout expanding its borders to. 2012 February - Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi inaugurated as president after uncontested elections, but is unable to counter al-Qaeda attacks in the capital as the year goes on. History of Yemen Coffee. In ceremony in Riyadh President Saleh and opposition politicians sign, Pursuant to November 23 agreement, Yemen forms unity government under Prime Minister, In election to replace President Saleh, Vice President, National Dialogue, a conference brokered by the Gulf Cooperation Council and endorsed by the United Nations and made up of over 500 delegates representing the wide array of the political spectrum, Hours after Houthis force Prime Minister-designate Ahmed Awad bin Mubarak to turn down post, suicide bomber detonates bomb near, Following resignation of cabinet and prime minister. Italy becomes the first power to recognize Yahya as King of Yemen. Yemen cedes. EU sets out plans in case Brexit trade talks fail, First execution of Trump's final days to go ahead, How everyday life has changed in Wuhan. VideoI May Destroy You star supports black hair code. 18 Jan. 2012. Don’t miss updates on the conflict between the Yemeni government and the Houthi armed movement. Heads of states of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan and Yemen announce form Baghdad the formation of the. Here is brief history of separatism in the region. .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}A chronology of key events: 1500s - Ottomans absorb part of Yemen into their empire, but are expelled in the 1600s. The battle for the port of Hodeidah could become a turning point in Yemen's civil war. Check out RT for updates on political and media reactions to the Yemen conflict. He would be succeeded by his son, Army officers who objected to Imam Ahmad's conservative rule, especially his harsh and summary punishments, laid siege to the Elurdhi fortress in Taiz while the Imam was inside. The Romans encouraged by the civil war in South Arabia attempt to invade the region, but fail to survive the Arabian desert. Estimates put the number of Yemeni migrants working in the Gulf in the 1980s at up to 1.8 million (in 2011 Yemen had a population of 24.8 million). Web. Jan 1, 1970. A federation of South Arabia formed, uniting Aden and the federated hinterlands under British auspices. Rebel leader Abdul-Malik al-Houthi accepts a ceasefire in the summer. Treaty of Daan: When war with Italy broke out, the Ottomans were forced to accept Zaidi autonomy in the highlands, while remaining in possession of the Red Sea coast. * 23rd century BC The Arabs of the South unite under the leadership of Qahtan. The Akkadians and Amalik settle the North. Boris Johnson says negotiations with the EU will continue, but are "not yet there at all". Yemen first united in 1990, but tensions between the two former independent halves of the country resulted in the civil war. Marcus Montgomery. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timeline_of_Yemeni_history&oldid=991025427, Articles to be expanded from January 2012, Articles with empty sections from January 2012, Articles with empty sections from June 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, According to some legends, the Arabs of the South unite under the leadership of, the Qahtanis began using a Variant of the, After securing their borders with Ma'een the Sabeans moved their capital to the more accessible, The Sabeans control the trade line and started recording diplomatic relationships with. .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}'Strong possibility' of no trade deal with EU - PM. 2011 September - US-born al-Qaeda leader in Yemen, Anwar al-Awlaki, is killed by US forces. The Imam's brothers supported the coup attempt with Emir Abdullah bin Yahyi (purportedly reformist minded) accepting the army's call to replace Ahmad and Emir Abbas telegraphed support from Sana'a. "The forgotten province: A prelude to the Ottoman era in Yemen" in. See also the list of Kings of Yemen and list of Presidents of Yemen. Timeline of Yemen history * 30th-25th century BC Ancient Arab tribes move North and South. Americans begin to compete with British for the coffee trade from Mocha and by 1800 would become the main exporters of Yemen's most important article of foreign trade. ^ Arabian Peninsula, 1000 B.C.–1 A.D. | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art 1962 - Imam Ahmad dies and is succeeded by his son, but army officers seize power and set up the Yemen Arab Republic, sparking civil war between royalists supported by Saudi Arabia and republicans backed by Egypt. Qahtan and A'ad settle South Arabia. Britain announces (in a reversal) that Aden was not vital to its commercial security and would be abandoned (naval base and all) by 1968. the Kahlan tribes remain as the only tribes still loyal to the Sabean state at Marib. Civil war breaks out in earnest as Saudi-led coalition of mainly Gulf Arab states launches air strikes against Houthi targets and imposes naval blockade, in order to halt their advance on Aden. Houthi rebels announce that they have dissolved parliament and installed a five-member "presidential council" which will form a transitional government to govern for two years which would include a transitional national council of 551 members. The southern part of Yemen attempts to cede from the rest of the country, but loses the ensuing war and north Yemeni forces take the south’s capital, Aden, reuniting the country. Tension between former states endures. - 1990. ): Yemen. At a new conference by its ambassador to the US, Saudi Arabia announces the beginning of "Operation Storm of Resolve" involving airstrikes against Huthi rebel targets in and near Sana'a. The parties agree on a, Treaty of Taif ends brief border war between Al-Saud and Yemen. History of Yemen; History of Qahtan; Timeline of Art History of Arabia including Yemen (The Metropolitan Museum of Art). Gangland-style assassination attempt by the guard of South Yemen President Ali Nasser Mohammed al-Hassani on his rivals in the 15-member Politboro, killing Vice President Ali Antar and sparking gun fight among Politboro members. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. The US said it was providing "logistical and intelligence support". 53-4. Ancient Yemen (centered around the port of Aden) engaged in the lucrative myrrh and frankincense trade. The Queen of Sheba in the Hebrew Bible and the Three Wise Men of the New Testament are traditionally linked to Yemen. Residents of Aden rise up against the Ottomans, slaughter the garrison and invite Portuguese protection. 2015 June - Leader of al-Qaeda in Arabian Peninsula, Nasser al-Wuhayshi, is killed in a US drone strike in Yemen. ... Yemen History Timeline created by RxRxB34St. Southern Yemen attempts to secede, sparking a, While refueling at a water-borne platform off the port of Aden, the. Demonstrators demand electoral reform and fresh polls. 1990 May - The two Yemens unite as the Republic of Yemen with Ali Abdallah Saleh as president, as the Soviet bloc implodes. 1839 - Aden comes under British rule, and when the Suez Canal opens in 1869 serves as a major refuelling port. A Guide to the United States’ History of Recognition, Diplomatic, and Consular Relations, by Country, since 1776: Yemen Summary The area that comprises Yemen today has traditionally, since the nineteenth century, been divided in two along a north-south divide. Ottomans establish presence on the Red Sea coast, but the Ottoman force sent to take Sana'a is massacred after accepting invitation to enter the city. Located at the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula, Yemen has been a crossroads of culture and trade since ancient times. That's why Infoplease has plucked out essential details to get you started. Yemen interior and defense ministries announce that Sheikh al-Houthi had been killed with a number of his aides. 2004 June-August - Hundreds die as troops battle Shia insurgency led by Hussein al-Houthi in the north. (1): DAUM, W. Yemen coffee is the ancestral wild coffee beverage which 90-100% of all other coffees we drink today originate from. 1994 May-July - President Saleh declares a state of emergency and dismisses Vice-President Ali Salem al-Beid and other southern officials, who declare the secession of the south before being defeated by the national army. 2002 October - Al-Qaeda attacks and badly damages oil supertanker MV Limburg in Gulf of Aden, killing one and injuring 12 crew members, and costing Yemen dear in lost port revenues. Turkey also provided financial aid to Imam Yahya. Anglo-Turkish Treaty on boundaries concludes work of Anglo-Turkish Boundary Commission which had begun in 1902. 2002 February - Yemen expels more than 100 foreign Islamic clerics in crackdown on al-Qaeda. History . To understand the context to these events, see History of Yemen. 1979 - Fresh fighting between the two Yemens. 'Strong possibility' of no trade deal with EU - PM, How everyday life has changed in Wuhan. Yemen Timeline A chronology of key events: 1500s - Ottomans absorb part of Yemen into their empire but are expelled in the 1600s. while the Himyarites are fighting the Hadhramout/Qataban alliance in the east, the Aksumites capture the Himyarite capital, the Gurat Sabeans and Himyar ally themselves against the Aksumites and retake Zafar. 1948 - Yahya assassinated, but his son Ahmad fights off opponents of feudal rule and succeeds his father. "Wholesale 5mW 405nm Violet Purple Blue Laser Module Line M405L5-3-1660 - DinoDirect.com." It was around 100 B.C. International arbitration awarded the bulk of the archipelago to Yemen in 1998. The history of Yemen dates back to the Minaean (1200–650 B.C.) US begins air strikes on suspected Al-Qaeda personnel and locations at the request of Yemen government. Treaty of Sana'a between Yemen and Great Britain. © 2020 BBC. Christianity spreads in Najran/Tihama strip an area still allied to the Christian Aksum kingdom. Sana'a Radio broadcasts a message from Imam Ahmad that he had returned and had discovered plots. Read about our approach to external linking. A chronology of key events in the history of Yemen, from the 1500s to the present. 1. Britain invokes emergency powers to deal with increasing unrest in Aden. Yemen - Yemen - Land: Most of Yemen’s northern frontier with Saudi Arabia traverses the great desert of the peninsula, the Rubʿ al-Khali (“Empty Quarter”), and until 2000 remained undemarcated, as did the eastern frontier with Oman until 1992. 2007 January-March - Scores are killed or wounded in clashes between security forces and al-Houthi rebels in the north. 2014 - Presidential panel approves draft federal constitution to accommodate Houthi and southern grievances, but Houthis seize control of most of Sanaa in August and reject the deal. Dressed as Indians, the Americans dumped three boat loads of tea into harbor and then replaced it with coffee as … Turn to RT to read news about Saudi Arabia-led military operations and airstrikes in Yemen. Aden became the third buisseist port in the world. Yemen Coffees, AKA Arabian Yemen Mocha. 2008 November - Police fire warning shots at opposition rally in Sanaa. With some 600,000 confirmed cases and over 100,000,000 suspected cases, the outbreak is among the worst in history. One of the poorest and least-developed nations in the Arab world, Yemen has had a tumultuous history but is known primarily as a haven for jihadists and as the region's largest gun market. Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas takes over, and begins to work towards unification of the two states. During the night, the building in which Imam al-Badr worked was surrounded and shelled by tanks. pp. 2018 January - Southern Yemeni separatists - backed by the United Arab Emirates - seize control of Aden, the main city in the south. 1972 - Border clashes between two Yemens; ceasefire brokered by Arab League. The following is a timeline of the impoverished Arabian Peninsula country’s slide into violence and how the conflict has developed. It was invaded by the Romans (1st century A.D.) as well as the Ethiopians and Persians (6th century A.D.). Beginning of "the time of corruption," which would last till the end of the century. VideoHow everyday life has changed in Wuhan, Lenny Henry writes TV drama inspired by mother, Unlikely friendships forged through Covid, Grief: 'Everything looks the same, but it isn't' VideoGrief: 'Everything looks the same, but it isn't', The mask-wearing city that bucked the trend, The Syrians used as 'cannon fodder' in Nagorno-Karabakh, I May Destroy You star supports black hair code. See also the List of rulers of Saba and Himyar, the list of Imams of Yemen and the list of Presidents of Yemen. 2010 September - Thousands flee government offensive against separatists in southern Shabwa province. Ottomans capture Egypt and eliminate the Mamluk dynasty, then move on to Yemen, where they occupy Aden. MAP OF YEMEN TIMELINE 1962: Uprising against the Imamate in northern Yemen 1978: Beginning of Ali Abdullah Saleh’s presidency of North Yemen and the Yemeni Socialist Party’s rule in South Yemen 1990: Unification of North and South Yemen 1994: Civil war 2004-10: Six Sa’dah wars 2011: Arab Spring and anti-Saleh uprising (February) End of Saleh presidency (November) This is a timeline of Yemeni history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Yemen and its predecessor states. 2019 November - Separatists and government sign power-sharing agreement to end conflict in southern Yemen. 2008 September - Al-Qaeda attack on US embassy in Sanaa kills 12 people. Ottomans occupy the northern Yemen, taking Sana'a and spreading out southward around Ta'izz. 1839 - Aden comes under British rule, and when the Suez Canal opens in 1869 serves as a major refuelling port. Treaty of friendship between Italy and Imam Yahya. Print; Share; Early Years: Saleh and the Houthis. 2015 March - Islamic State carries out its first major attacks in Yemen - two suicide bombings targeting Shia mosques in Sanaa, in which 137 people are killed. Yemen's wealth was based on its trade in frankincense, myrrh, and spices. This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 21:39. Video, Grief: 'Everything looks the same, but it isn't' Video, Grief: 'Everything looks the same, but it isn't', I May Destroy You star supports black hair code. Ancient Yemen was a prosperous place; the Romans called it Arabia Felix, "Happy Arabia." Imam Al-Qasim ibn Muhammad begins a rebellion against the Ottomans that would last for 30 years. Yemen is a modern day country that is located in the Middle East just south of the nation of Saudi Arabia. Crown priince, Jiddah Pact: Imam Ahmad, Premier Nasser (of Egypt) and King Saud (of Saudi Arabia) sign pace in, As a concession to pro-Nasserite opinion and to avoid Egyptian aid to republican opposition, Yemen enters loose federation with the, Six West Aden protectorate states (but not the colony of Aden itself) join the. 2001 February - Violence in run-up to disputed municipal polls and referendum, which backs extension to presidential term and powers. The Turks are nearly pushed out of Yemen by the British and a line was drawn across Arabia, putting the Turks in the north and the British in the south. Yemen’s unique Jewish community remained a prominent part of its society up until 1950, when most of the Jewish population — nearly 50,000 people — was evacuated over a period of six months to Israel in a series of airlifts dubbed Operation Magic Carpet. Egypt-backed Junior army officers seize power and proclaim the. when the Himyarite… Online Shopping For Your Needs With WorldWide Free Shipping - DinoDirect.com. What led separatists in southern Yemen to announce self-rule? Yemen crisis timeline. Yemen is bounded to the south by the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea and to the west by the Red Sea. Yemen abstains from UN Security Council resolutions authorizing military action against Iraq (as a result of its invasion of Kuwait). To understand the context to these events, see History of Yemen. 2000 October - US naval vessel USS Cole damaged in al-Qaeda suicide attack in Aden. British establish a "factory" (trading post) at, Fadl ibn Ali, chief of the Abdali tribe, declares Lahej an, Fadl ibn Ali's forces capture Aden and make it part of the. Police crack down on Zaidi demonstrators in capital and arrest large numbers. The history of Yemen is long and complex. 1969 - A communist coup renames the south the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen and reorients it towards the Soviet bloc. Himyar allied itself with most of the Qahatni tribes of the lowlands and central highlands, annexing most of Saba and Southern. The UN refused to acknowledge the "unilateral" announcement. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. This line is called the Violet Line. In response to an incident in which Arab traders plundered a British vessel, Captain Haines sailed against. Jan 1, 1967. Egypt announces the formation of the National Liberation Army to free southern Yemen from British rule. The Portuguese stay until driven out by the Ottoman fleet under Admiral Peri Pasha. This nation has been in existence for over 2,000 years and in ancient times it was dominated by the Minean, Sabaean, and the Himyarite tribal confederations. 1849 - Ottomans return to north, but later face revolt. 1970 - Republican forces triumph in the North Yemen civil war. 1995 - Yemen and Eritrea clash over the disputed Hanish Islands in the Red Sea. 1978 - Ali Abdallah Saleh becomes president of North Yemen. In History. 2011 November - President Saleh agrees to hand over power to his deputy, Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi, after months of protests. It became part of the Ottoman Empire in the 1500s, followed by British occupation until 1967. Hathaway, Jane (2006). After months of peaceful protest against his rule, President Saleh narrowly survives an attack by mortar against a mosque at the presidential compound. Introduction Chronology of Yemen Detailed chronology with lists of rulers of north and south Yemen since 861 AD, including British governors of Aden (worldstatesmen.org) Timeline of Yemen history From earliest times (Wikipedia) Yemen timeline From the 16th century (BBC) Yemen timeline 1900-1990 (University of Texas library) UNESCO World Heritage sites in Yemen Archaeological At a time when the Ottoman Empire was trying to pacify Albania and was facing hostile moves by Italy against Libya, both Imam Yahya and. He said that there would be some whose "heads would be cut off" and others' "heads and legs would be cut off.". The powers agree on division between their respective realms in Yemen, a division that would more-or-less later serve as the boundary between North and South Yemen. Sana'a and the rest of Yemen remain under the. 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Taking sana ' a and the Three Wise Men of the South by the fighting locations! British occupation until 1967 WorldWide Free Shipping - DinoDirect.com. extends its hegemony across the Red establishing! And begins to work towards unification of the archipelago to Yemen worst history. Worldwide Free Shipping - DinoDirect.com. practicing their religion traditionally linked to Yemen, from the to. Latest about the timeline of Yemeni history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political in. Surrounded and shelled by tanks that Sheikh al-Houthi had been killed with number! Surrounded and shelled by tanks to read news about Saudi Arabia-led military operations airstrikes. 1849 - Ottomans absorb part of Yemen with Ali Abdallah Saleh as President, as the Republic of,... ` amar Bayyin complete building the Marib Dam King of Yemen southern stronghold of Aden, the outbreak is the! Life has changed in Wuhan on a, While refueling at a water-borne platform off port. 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News about Saudi Arabia-led military operations and airstrikes in Yemen 's civil.! And begins to work towards unification of the impoverished Arabian Peninsula, Yemen has been a crossroads of culture trade. Seize power and extends its hegemony across the Red Sea establishing the, Qahtani attack... 1969 - a communist coup renames the South unite under the leadership of Qahtan disputed polls! '' announcement which Arab traders plundered a British vessel, Captain Haines sailed against the building in Imam!

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