Red Twig Dogwood Care It can be used as an accent, specimen or key plant, and in groups and large masses for borders and screens. Remove the oldest third of stems down to the base of the plant every year or two to promote growth of the younger, colorful stems. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. Visit What's wrong with my shrub? The leaves, bark and roots were used to make medicines. Growth Form: Irregular. 'Alleman's Compact' - 5 feet tall by 5 feet wide, good fall color, compact form, 'Cardinal' - 10 feet tall by 10 feet wide, good fall color; 1986 UMN introduction, First Editions® Firedance™ - 4 feet tall by 5 feet wide, good fall color, compact form, 'Isanti' - 6 feet tall by 10 feet wide, good fall color, compact form, hardy to zone 2; 1971 UMN introduction, 'Kelseyi' - 3 feet tall by 3 feet wide, compact form, 'Flaviramea' - 8 feet tall by 10 feet wide, red-purple fall foliage, 'Silver and Gold' - 8 feet tall by 10 feet wide, green and creamy white variegated foliage, Kathy Zuzek, former Extension educator; Beth Berlin, former Extension educator; and Julie Weisenhorn, Extension educator. Cornelian cherry dogwood (Cornus mas), also called Cornelian cherry or European cornel, is so-named because of its brilliant cherry-red fruits. Yields pea-sized white drupes that mature in late summer to early fall. As a landscape plant, redosier dogwood is extremely versatile. The redosier dogwood is loved by gardeners, landscapers, and homeowners for its hardiness and versatility. In late summer, younger stems turn to red or yellow-green and color intensifies throughout winter. To propagate suckers by division: Ranges from Maine to … Use one as a specimen planting anywhere you’d like a splash of brilliant color amid the drab hues of your winter yard. Red-twig dogwood tolerates a range of soil conditions, including wet and dry sites, and is also air pollution tolerant. The Red Osier Dogwood is a free-spreading shrub with many upright stems. Regents of the University of Minnesota. Overcrowding encourages diseases and causes less attractive, thin stems. Plant a few along your property line for an awesome border. The redosier dogwood grows to a height of 7–9' and a spread of around 10' at maturity. – Dogwood for a list of the most common pests in Minnesota. The redosier dogwood provides dense cover for wildlife. It does not, however, tolerate excessively dry soil. For optimal red twig color, prune out old wood in early spring to encourage fresh growth. The red twig dogwood plant, also known as the Cornus sericea is a shrub that truly is at its best during the winter months. Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) Description: This low spreading shrub, seldom reaching more than 4 feet (1.2 m) in height, is easily identified by its red bark. Variegated foliage and brilliant red winter stems of C. alba, but only two-thirds the size. Red-osier Dogwood Leaf: split to show false-veins. LGS Notes: Red twig dogwood, also called redosier dogwood, is a large shrub with bright red branches that add color to winter landscapes. The redosier dogwood is native to North America, with a range that extends over most of the United States from Newfoundland to Mexico, California to Virginia. The redosier dogwood grows to a height of 7–9' and a spread of around 10' at maturity. Average landscape size: Moderate grower to 3 to 4 ft. tall and wide. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. The leaves are simple, opposite, smooth margins, 2-4 inches long, dark green on top and hairy and paler underneath. Cold Hardiness: Excellent. Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea). Arctic Fire ® Red dogwood has beautiful red stems and a compact habit and is at its in the winter sunlight. And the fibrous root system provides effective erosion control on banks and slopes. View Map. The redosier dogwood can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 2–7. These shrubs are beautiful in the fall and winter season. Leaves are typical of dogwoods, with distinct veins running towards the tip, while buds are small and This vibrant hue remains through winter, creating a pop of color in the snowy, gray months. In USDA zones 4 through 8, cornelian cherry dogwood bears showy yellow flowers in spring, instead of the more recognizable white or pink bracts of flowering dogwood . Redosier dogwood is also used for basket weaving. Tolerates a wide range of soil and light conditions. The Redosier Dogwood Grows in zones 2 - 7. The white berries are eaten by at least 18 species of birds including ruffled grouse, bobwhite quail, wild turkey and gray catbird. The biggest selling point, though, is the shrub’s deep red stems. Use them in combination with yellow twig dogwoods for an even more stunning winter display. Provides good erosion control and can be used for borders and hedges. © Some tribes ate the sour berries while others made arrow shafts, bows, stakes and other tools from the branches and shoots. Pests/Diseases: Can be susceptible to a variety of fungal diseases but they are typically minor. Cornus sericea, syn. Special features: Attractive Bark , Compact Form , Year-round Interest Foliage color: Green The shrub reaches a height of between 6 and 8 feet. Produces attractive clusters of white flowers in mid- to late spring. The “osier” in redosier dogwood is derived from French, meaning “willow-like”; it is often called red willow because of its red stems. Life … (Cornus sericea) is a shrub native to Minnesota with colorful red or yellow winter bark that provides great winter interest. The medium to dark green summer color changes to a ruddy red or purple in the fall. Its small heads of white flowers and white berries are decorative in their season, but it is for the bright red bark of the new growth that the plant is usually grown. Red Osier Dogwood is an attractive ornamental shrub native throughout North America. The twigs and foliage are browsed by elk, deer, moose, rabbits and chipmunks. This shrub grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24" per year. This is an ornamental shrub, typically planted for the visual interest and beauty it can bring to landscape. Cornus sericea ssp. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Red Osier Dogwood - Cornus sericea is a Flowering Native Perennial. Full sun and partial shade are best for this shrub, meaning it prefers a minimum of 4 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. It is also known as red dogwood, redstem dogwood, and red willow. They grow up to 8 feet (2.5 m.) tall with an 8 foot (2.5 m.) spread. The height works well for several gardening and landscaping situations. Up to 6 ft. tall and wide. Cornus sericea is a 3 to 9 foot tall shrub that can be recognized by its flat, umbrella-like cluster of small four or five-petal white flowers and oval leaves with prominent veins that … Cornus sericea, Redosier Dogwood, red twig dogwood, 24" live stake. Can be kept smaller with pruning. It has small flat clusters of white flowers, producing white berries. Its smaller size makes this variety a great breakthrough for smaller gardens or residential landscapes. Can be planted 3–4' apart to make a hedge. Cornus sericea "Kelseyi" cultivar grows only to 30 inches or less. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Most noticeable in winter, the red … Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. The brightly-colored bark occurs on stems that are less than 3 years old, so rejuvenation pruning should be a regular practice. It’s a unique and versatile plant that would look great in many locations. Average landscape size: Moderate growing; reaches 9 ft. tall, 5 ft. wide. They create a nice green backdrop to highlight other … This dwarf variety reaches just 3-5' feet rather than the 8-10' of conventional red-twig dogwood. Redosier dogwood is also used in plantings for wildlife as its berries attract and are eaten by birds and mammals. Soil / Climate: The Red Osier dogwood is tolerant of dry sites, but prefers wet areas along streams and ponds. Native Plants >> Cornus sericea, Redosier Dogwood 36" Live stake. Can be cut back to the ground regularly for the red color of the younger stems to be more prevalent. Propagation from cuttings: Redosier dogwood can be started easily by division, french layering, and hardwood cuttings. Features vibrant red stems that make a bold statement in the wintertime landscape. Cardinal Red Osier Dogwood is a deciduous shrub with ornamental stems. Displays deep red branches year-round and cream-white flowers. Depending on the season, it can have flat clusters of white sweet-scented flowers, white berries, and green to red-orange colored leaves. Size: to 8’ high; to 6’ spread. Size: Grows 10-15’ x 12-15’. It prefers moist soils and often grows in wet swamp lands. Growth Rate: Rapid. All rights reserved. The best growing zones for this perennial shrub are 2 through 9. The red osier dogwood reaches a height and width of 5 to 9 feet. Red Osier Dogwood derives its name from its smooth vibrant red twigs which are most noticeable in the winter after leaves have fallen off. Its thicket-forming habit makes it a great hedge option. Adding a pop of vibrant color in the snowy, dull months of winter, Cornus sericea (Red Osier Dogwood) is a medium-sized ornamental shrub with incredible appeal. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread. Partial to full sun. The red dogwood bush (Cornus stolonifera or C. sericea) is also known as red osier or red twig dogwood because of the color of its young branches. With … Features opposite, simple leaves, ovate to oblong-lancelolate in shape and 2–5" in length. Zones: 2-7; Size: 7-9 feet tall, 10 feet wide; Beloved in the Pacific Northwest and sometimes known as creek dogwood or red twig dogwood, this unusual plant’s fall color comes not from its leaves but from its stems, which become a brilliant red in … It is adaptable to both wet and dry sites as well as a variety of soil types. Today we're back in our SW Michigan Swamp looking for Red Osier Dogwood. It is a woody deciduous shrub that grows 5 to 20 feet tall. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood Subordinate Taxa. It's even shade tolerant, although you'll have … Small white flowers bloom on this handsome dwarf dogwood in spring. The redosier dogwood is very adaptable, growing in acidic to alkaline soils. It can grow in a myriad of conditions, including wet soil. 2020 Red-Osier Dogwood. Forms a thicket by spreading along the ground, so allow plenty of space. Special features: Attractive Bark , Dramatic Foliage Color , Easy Care , Fall Color , Ornamental Berries , Tolerates Urban Pollution , … Will be delivered at a height of 2'-3'. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. Crown Density: Open. First Editions® Firedance™ - 4 feet tall by 5 … Its common name is Kelsey's dwarf red osier dogwood. Is an adaptable tree that can grow in various conditions. For optimal display, it is advisable to grow them against a wall that receives ample sunlight from the south or west in winter. When planting red twig dogwoods, give them plenty of room. Rapidly-growing, adaptable to most soils including wet soils, it features spectacular decorative features : stunning fall color, attractive berries, vibrant red or golden stems and sometimes a lovely variegated summer foliage. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Cornus sericea . C. stolonifera, Swida sericea, red osier or red-osier dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae, native throughout northern and western North America from Alaska east to Newfoundland, south to Durango and Nuevo León in the west, and Illinois and Virginia in the east. fluctuating water tables. Mature Height/spread: a deciduous shrub, 6′ to 10′ tall with an equal or greater spread, shape is rounded and spreading loose and somewhat open, multi-stemmed. Because of its native status, soil adaptability and tolerance of flooding and wet soils, redosier dogwood is also used along shorelines and in rain gardens. Native Americans use the inner bark in tobacco mixtures in the sacred pipe ceremony. Cultivated varieties of redosier dogwood for Minnesota Red stem varieties 'Alleman's Compact' - 5 feet tall by 5 feet wide, good fall color, compact form 'Cardinal' - 10 feet tall by 10 feet wide, good fall color; 1986 UMN introduction. Red twig dogwood shrubs should be planted somewhere in your yard where they can be easily viewed from a window, to take advantage of their status as top-notch specimen plants for winter landscapes. With the exception of the lower midwest and deep South, this species is native to much of North America where it is typically found growing in wet swampy areas, wetland margins or along lakes and rivers. Clusters of small, 4-petaled, white flowers in mid-May to June; second bloom occurs in July and August, Small, round, white to pale blue berries July through September, Adaptable to very poor to well-drained soils; soil compaction tolerant, Soil pH: 6.1 to 8.5; have your soil tested by the U of M Soil Testing Lab, Suckers may need to be removed to maintain plant width. If the bark is gathered in the early spring, it will retain its deep red color when dried. Drought Resistance: Fair. It has sometimes been considered a synonym of the Asian species Cornus alba.
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