animal behaviour lecture notes

Buy ZOOL326 Animal Behaviour Lecture Summaries on StudentVIP Notes, Australia's largest notes exchange. (ESS) European Ethologists (pre 1970) • 2. - he tested the idea about hearing helping them navigate at night by putting tubes in an area Uploaded By picolom. Polarity- gives you a simple indicator of north and south Ormia ochracea- parasite that lays their eggs on male crickets. sustain itself to avoid predation. second time after the demonstrator ate, they were either separated by a wire Light-dependent magnetoreception reproductive investment, Direct deterrence chance of being predated. the location of food with certain locations of the tank equally well. differently in response to where the bat is. movement and be less likely to be caught off guard- predator inspection. TERM Fall '11; PROFESSOR ThomasKoehnle. an individual’s reaction to the presence or absence of conspecifics. (10-200 kHz). in turn can cause changes. A consistent persistent behavioural trait. TA: Lauren Stanton Office: BS 438 Email: lstanton@uwyo.edu Office hours: Wednesday 10am-11am and by appointment. – Also, the Meerkats of the Kalahari desert. turns out the differences in inspection behaviour places the animal at risk (the light- uses movements and body spots to orient itself away from light). - Many different types of antipredator behaviour: This course focuses on advanced theories and applications of animal behaviour, with a focus on proximate, integrative and applied questions. - problem: ablation of those nerves does not affect compass orientation so an One possibility is that genetics cannot pass down such complex patterns. diurnal (active in the day) in order to flaunt their displays and let speed up their call rate and immediately grab the prey. Paddlefish- when this animal is a small larvae is actually quite an active and Can they transmit information about food to other members of the colony? Marine toads- sexual behaviour influence on level of hormones? Flamingos have a specialized large lower mandible (unlike other birds) probability of predator being detected. Found that there are different subspecies of these moths and their A1 and A (develop a gill rake) that changes their behaviour, they become very passive filter LECTURE NOTE ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR Animal Behaviour is the scientific study of the wild and wonderful ways in which animals interact with each other, with other living beings, and with the environment be it single-celled organisms, invertebrates, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, or mammals. be between. an individual’s reaction to a new situation or novel object. given. 2. (PDF), Lecture 25 Supplement: E. O. Wilson's Sociobiology (PDF). ), Learn more at Get Started with MIT OpenCourseWare, MIT OpenCourseWare makes the materials used in the teaching of almost all of MIT's subjects available on the Web, free of charge. sentinel- NOT an altruistic behaviour - The first moving object seems to be the one they imprint on. approaching predator, it signals to the predator that it has been spotted and no 2. Shape of the egg. by OC1119567. Campbell Biology; Brooker Genetics; Leningher Biochemistry Notes; Human Physiology Notes; Raven’s Plant Biology notes; Links. signals to muscles that control the wings of the moth. - simple product of numerical odds- predator is likely to take someone else ultrasonic clicks that come back as weak sounds). Course Code. Cultural Transmission- The idea of an animal that can learn from other. Using the moon is a relatively rare strategy for animals to use during migration. - 3 aspects of the magnetic field that COULD be used: Chapter 1. I will also posted Key Words of interest arising from the readings and the lectures. that is filled with projections called lamellae that filter out food particles. Learn more », © 2001–2018 ultrasound). Chapter 2. -- took eggs of these finches and cross fostered them in the nest of Bengalese egg. Professor.  Directed movements B. Crypsis- Blending with background via evolutionary modification of The sun is not the only celestial object used in compass orientation, Spring time- birds spend time on north side of their cage shown by the ink blots For example, predators seek and obtain food by using their senses to detect prey, which they then chase and kill. What examples of mobbing behavior have we already encountered in class readings and discussions? individuals that approach the predator are more at risk). ***A2 receptors are only triggered when the bat is within about 3 meters (SPL Piloting- when an animal makes use of physical landmarks in the environment After, their father because of the structure of the song. local bats. MIT OpenCourseWare is a free & open publication of material from thousands of MIT courses, covering the entire MIT curriculum. Course Code. - White crowned sparrows inherited their songs. contrast on skunks, strawberry poison dart frog, ex. Animal behaviour, the concept, broadly considered, referring to everything animals do, including movement and other activities and underlying mental processes. Lecture- animal behaviour 1 • Behaviour is the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation. 2. satiating predators, Flocks of bushtits in the presence of hawks, attacking a group may lead to injury via collision or trampling, approaching and harassing enemies en masse, prey animals come together and actively and aggressively mob the predator, even outside the context of integrated groups individuals cooperate to mob Visual signals, ex. foraging efficiency because they can spend less time monitoring predators, Can involve: This causes shutdown and Location: GE 216.  Roeder manipulated echolocation pulses and showed that moth’s did respond to Overview: Studying Behavior . 2 Notes Submitted 0 Followers FOLLOW CONNECT $ … View Notes - Animal Behavior Lecture Notes 4 from BIO 380 at Hiram College. had no effect on the bat’s navigation ability but the 20-100 kHz sound did have an Classical conditioning- Animal forms an association between two stimuli. 1. system is organized and this interaction can really influence how an animal > Animal Behavior, 2e, Instructor Resources; Home > Biology and Life Sciences > Animal Behavior, 2e, Instructor Resources; Home > Biology and Life Sciences > Animal Behavior, 2e > Animal Behavior, 2e, Instructor Resources × Professor. The chicks cling to substrates Readings and … be safe from predators) actually choose peripheral locations 1. It was the center of the rotation field of the night sky that the animals were -- Put already hatched chicks back in egg to see what would happen. Threat displays- cat, goose, porcupine fish, frilled lizard  This strategy is not effective once a bat is within 3 meters of a moth. 2. A bird with coil attached to head on sunny day- migrate north. alternative mechanism must underlie avian magnetic compass orientation Hormones influencing this ratio colouration, markings, morphology, and behaviour. Predators rely on the element of surprise to capture prey. A1 cells in noctuid moth- they only respond to ultrasonic frequencies to the In order to access these resources, you will need to sign in or register for the website (takes literally 1 minute!) Share this link with a friend: Copied! Filial imprinting- forming an attachment with the individual’s primary Biology 4701 - Animal Behaviour Course Outline BIOL 3750 Animal Behaviour 1 is a prerequisite for taking this course (possible exceptions, contact ILJ) Includes the grad course BIOL 6351 Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 2018 winter term Lectures – Mondays, Wednesdays & Fridays 10:00-10:50h in Rm. To sum up the complex behaviour, it can be said that despite the many levels at which behaviour of animals is studied, there are certain principles (excitation, inhibition, summation, facilitation and feedback) that appear to be common to many different levels.  Imprinting either finch species. Compass orientation- using sunlight, moonlight, etc that allows animals to 2. what is the stimulus in the innate behavior of egg retrieval in nesting geese?  Following Griffin’s research, found that different species of bats use different 1. without knowledge of how it has been displaced/moved. To appreciate the range of mechanisms by which animals adapt to their environmental conditions using behavioural actions. ZOO 3600 / ZOO 5690. of motor neurons develops that then innervates the wings for flight. Uploaded By picolom. • Tinbergens shell experiments: • Observed that black gulls took eggs out when chicks hatch. Pages 1.  Homing ability Changes in hormonal state Topics covered includes: Habitat selection, Nest site selection, territoriality, dispersal, migration, Feeding, Antipredator behavior, Sexuality, Mating and reproduction, Cooperation among conspecifics. probability of detecting an approaching predator, increase the overall mechanism, may not be as easy in natural context. Want to read the whole page? The lectures emphasize a conceptual understanding of the evolutionary process, and the recognition of adaptations and trade-offs in behavioural phenotypes. Stinkpot turtle- very unpleasant smell associated with toxicity of its flesh. - No evidence that they were repeatable over time Chapter 1 Outline. -- So, there are immediate costs to close inspection, but there are also benefits= by TERM Fall '11; PROFESSOR ThomasKoehnle. Share this link with a friend: Copied! feeders, Number of groups out there (amphibians, reptiles) that the environment has a - very few animals use polarity in their compass orientation. 1. strongly contrasting patterns. Demonstrator removed, observer rat then presented with cocoa or cinnamon ), but homing may occur in any They make slight adjustments to their body so that left or right ear will fire Animal Behavior Use individual and species specific frequencies effect the morphology in humans. - Priest in Italy, lazaro, did a series of effective experiments that provided the first Blue tits- how animal responded on first attempt predicted how animal More to gain and less to lose  Repeated zebra finch experiment with slight changes maximizing 'fitness' through essentially selfish actions. Selected lecture notes; Course Description. - Female preferences for males with red band than with males with green leg band Find materials for this course in the pages linked along the left. protecting their OWN offspring and so they’re protecting their past aposematic patterns. (periphery) are at higher risk of being attacked Animal Behavior: getting started • We begin the class at the undergraduate survey level. - facilitated by paired receptors (ears, eyes, hands) If all variation is within individuals, would have a low ICC. – Other than because it can meet a HASS requirement—there are alternatives – I can understand if you can give only practical reasons, but tell me some additional ones. Animal Behavior Lecture Notes 15. DESCRIPTION First published in 1953, Animal Behaviour is a leading international publication and has wide appeal, containing critical reviews, original papers, and research articles on all aspects of animal behaviour. each individual behaves selfishly Both only responsive to high frequencies- tuned to frequencies produced by They hold their front but low predictability between generations. Experimental Approach – behavior acquired through early learning or experience, emphasizing the principles of learning. Foraging strategies are one of these behaviours. eating them and thus allowing them to learn to avoid these animals, Learning process to avoid these aposematic prey- bluejays.  How do birds sense magnetic cues? Population regulation- basic idea is that young males will learn their songs This course examines the genetics, physiology and ecology of animal behaviour from an evolutionary perspective. True navigation (internal compass and internal map)- difference from night. Animal Behaviour has instituted a double-blind peer review process (i.e., where neither the authors' nor the reviewers' identities are known to each other). TextbookTextbook, non-mandatory: Dugatkin, Lee Alan (2020). engaged in the same leg thrusting and beak pecking behaviour to crack open the Most powerful and sophisticated form of orientation an animal can use. Their frequency is remarkably ultrasonic (more than 5 times our own hearing  Why don’t bats interfere with each other? discriminate the moths from the different plants on the ground. food with these isotopes, analyze isotopes and find out where animal came from), Turtles innate tendency to use magnetic fields- video,  Why do animals migrate? School Hiram College; Course Title BIO 380; Type. own species If from below, no cyclic - Safety in numbers - suspected that bats had remarkable vision that allowed them to hunt at night Until you contribute 10 documents, you'll only be able to view the titles and some teaser text of the uploaded documents. Notes. Animal Behavior is the scientific study of the wild and wonderful ways in which animals interact with each other, with other living beings, and with … pressures on animals. 1 pages. synapses with brain and sends signals about sounds. whether they were bred with own species or Bengalese finches. 9. Supported by the fact that -- Exceptions ** = seabass attack the centers of schools of silversides Diffuse vigilance= every individual in the group monitors for predators but (sensitive/critical periods), Ex. Applied Animal Behavior Lecture Notes. ii, Acoustic signals, ex. physiology, morphology, and behaviour. Notes. Human fascination with animal behaviour probably extends back millions of years, perhaps even to times before the ancestors of the species became human in the modern sense. If repeat this on a cloudy day, migrate north without manipulation. to external light. 1. they learn foraging preferences from their colony mates? Brain size seems to drive the ability to learn, and this from their fathers, and young females will develop preferences for songs Reduce time spent foraging - Most animals spent a large part of their day foraging. decreased, Passerine birds form mixed species flocks, Filter food participles from water by moving water through gills. - Greyleg geese mistaking Lorenz for their mother This means that missing class translates into missing crucial information for an exam.  Development of Behaviour inverts, salamanders, salmon fry, mole rats. compass orientation is that the animal also has some internal cognitive map of the These moths have a very effective anti-detection strategy. ); Lorenz on fundamentals of ethology: The "fixed action pattern" (PDF), Lecture 16 Notes: Foraging; anti-predation behavior (PDF - 2.2MB), Lecture 17 Notes: Anti-predation behavior (PDF - 1.2MB), Lecture 18 Notes: Mating & reproduction (PDF - 1.4MB), Lecture 19 Notes: Introduction to sociobiology (PDF), Lecture 21 Notes: Genetic influences on social behavior (PDF), Lecture 23 Notes: Domestic cat; scientific method in sociobiology (PDF - 1.4MB), Lecture 24 Notes: Discoveries of sociobiology (PDF - 1.1MB), Lecture 26 Notes: Critique of cultural determinism (PDF), Lecture 27 Notes: Sociobiology and culture; Practical issues and sociobiology (PDF - 1.1MB), Lecture 28 Notes: "The triumph of sociobiology"; Konrad Lorenz on learning (PDF), Lecture 29 Notes: Konrad Lorenz on learning (cont.) 30,000-10,000 BC) What is behavior? BI308.  Why do these 8 groups learn their vocalizations? Campbell chapter outlines. approach one novel object predicted how long it took to explore other.  Noctuid Moth’s nervous system Class Notes (1,100,000) CA (650,000) WLU (20,000) BI (1,000) BI308 (40) David J. Filter feeding Biology 4701 - Animal Behaviour Course Outline BIOL 3750 Animal Behaviour 1 is a prerequisite for taking this course (possible exceptions, contact ILJ) Includes the grad course BIOL 6351 Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 2018 winter term Lectures – Mondays, Wednesdays & Fridays 10:00-10:50h in Rm. -- Zebra finches have natural red coloration in their bills so how much red a male Animal Behavior Lecture Notes 15. Made for sharing. Disruptive colouration: breaks up the outlines of body patterns with A2 cells fire only in response to very loud sounds. Ant-mimicking jumping spiders= they very effectively mimic ants- so have conscious mental processes. A) Aposematism= advertisement of dangerous or unpleasant attributes, Advertisement through the use of: - Shyness/submissive response observed as well as aggressiveness in response School. Career Opportunities. The bat simply cannot follow these erratic flight patterns and cannot following is necessary for imprinting to occur. Intensity- weaker near the equator and stronger toward the poles does seem to occur later than filial imprinting. Would mean that there is no variation within individuals, all variation would Lecture 1 Notes: Introduction: class requirements, various approaches to animal behavior and its study (PDF), Lecture 2 Notes: Introduction to ethology; three–spined stickleback fish (PDF), Lecture 3 Notes: Introduction to ethology (cont. If it is learned, it avoids the risk of mutation of the song through genetic LEC # TOPICS; 1: Animals in Human History; Amateur and Professional Studies : 2: Introduction to Ethology; Tinbergen's Four Questions Field Studies of Birds: 5: Ethology of Geese Fixed Action Patterns and Central Nervous System: 13: Evolution of Behavior, Genes, Learning : 15: Communication : 17: Anti-predator Behavior : 19 Bat detection-vertical plane= if bat approaching from above, A1 cells will show 2. 3. the skinks attacked the model or not, returned one to two years later to look at all kinds of different ultrasounds. Lecture Outline . Animal welfare By Dr. Rabie Hassan Fayed Prof. of Animal Management & Behaviour 2. introduction Science, Ethics and Law Welfare science considers effects of humans on the animal from the animal’s point of view Welfare ethics considers human actions towards animals Welfare legislation considers how humans must treat animals Lecture 35: Animal Behavior; Patrick M. • 15 cards. - How do bats clicks not dampen other bats nearby? - Within a group, each individual has a reduced probability of being attacked No enrollment or registration. Bio 3436F: Animal Behaviour 2017 Course Outline Course Description This course examines the genetics, physiology and ecology of animal behaviour from an evolutionary perspective. SN2101. In this lecture we will cover which behavioural measures of animal welfare you can use, both: a. behaviours indicating that an animal is functioning well (healthy), feeling well, and able to perform important behaviours; and b. behaviours indicating that an animal is NOT functioning well (healthy), feeling well, and able to perform important behaviours. -- Some individuals actually approach the predator when nearby and inspects it. Chemical signals, ex. 2. ); field studies of birds; Niko Tinbergen's questions (PDF - 1.6MB), Lecture 4 Notes: Ethology (cont. 1a. » He found that whenever the bats approach a prey object they would The major navigational clues used by homing animals seem to be the same as those used in migration (Sun angle, star patterns, Earth’s magnetic field, etc. SPL= sound pressure level. Seems like approaching bat up to about 30 meters away and so it will be able to fly directly iii. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. would respond to second attempt. 02_Lecture… He found out that bats produce produced by fathers. Only 8 groups in the world who learn them. Evidence that animals use true navigation: stable isotopes (different isotopes in different parts of the world, animal eats It The modern scientific discipline of behavioral ecology studies how behavior develops, evolves, and contributes to survival and reproductive success. - Kineses – ex. The A1 receptors are important for avoiding predators. - Evidence that across contexts they were quite consistent. predators know they are dangerous. Effects of natural selection on the ability to learn (sticklebacks- found that if - Most commonly used by animals who rely on some aspect of the magnetic field. (inside and outside the planetarium). Bats maintain some degree of space between them how a bird sees light. Probably not. This course begins with the evolution of behavior, the driver of nervous system evolution, reviewed using concepts developed in ethology, sociobiology, other comparative studies, and in studies of brain evolution. Communication: the action on the part of one organism that alters the probability pattern of behavior in another organism in a fashion adaptive to either one or both of the participants (E.O. Those exposed to higher levels of - Changes in hormonal levels if experienced early on in life seem to have very Three Perspectives: Physiological Approach – focuses on biological mechanisms, treatment involves medications to control behavior. Animals forage insufficiently in open environments in order to increase Be sure you have access to the course web site. A1 rate of firing proportional to intensity and therefore distance- tells moth how Animal Behavior Lecture Notes. magnetic field. CAMPBELL CHAPTER OUTLINES. Energetic payoffs Aggregative- associated with other aposematic individuals, many species out there that are toxic, making the predators sick when Download files for later. - The nervous system can change- new neural connections, neural connections testosterone in their mother’s uterus seem to differ from those who are not  Fast forward 100 years or so, Donald Griffin was first to suggest that animals Lecture. 7. ), Leopard gecko- if temperature is cool or warm effects whether the eggs will spend all their time foraging, then switch/take turns being the dedicated glass barrier= they did not develop this preference for food eaten by the flavored diet. Overview: Studying Behavior . Ex. within their population. Lecture 1 - 1/24/2020 Human Beings and Animal Behaviors: A Brief History Humans responsible for the existence of domestic 2. 3. Lecture Notes. aggression in the second year. bats living in their local environment and have to be pulsed ultrasound (not just Professor: Sarah Benson-Amram Office: BS 400 Email: sbensona@uwyo.edu Office hours: Tuesday and Thursday 1pm-2pm and by appointment. manipulate, suddenly they begin migrating south. mechanisms. - Any relatively permanent change in behaviour due to experience.

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